Thursday, April 7, 2016

2014 Income and Poverty Update for Pennsylvania and Cambria County


In Dec 2014, I posted the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates for the state of Pennsylvania for the year 2013.  As I am now back in PA I thought I would take a look at the poverty estimates for counties and school districts here for the state to see how things may have changed.  The most recent year available in 2014.  The map above color codes the median incomes for each of the 67 counties in the state with higher income counties in darker green.  Chester County has the highest median income at $85,613 while Fayette County has the lowest at $36,902.  The national median income was $53637 and the median state income was $53,234 in 2014.  Both increased by more that $1,000 since 2013.

Pennsylvania's poverty rate of 13.6% was below that national rate of 15.5%.  Both rates decreased slightly from the 2013 rates.  The county rates will be discussed belowThe interactive data mapping tool can be seen here.

.
PA School District
total pop
# Students
# Poverty
% in Poverty
Poverty Rank
Duquesne
   5,601
       972
       479
49.3
1
Clairton
   6,830
         886
       427
48.2
2
Reading
 88,529
    18,186
    8,734
48.0
3
Sto-Rox
 12,547
      1,886
       884
46.9
4
Wilkinsburg
 16,033
      2,032
       862
42.4
5
Salisbury-Elk Lick
   2,910
         494
       207
41.9
6
Greater Johnstown
 26,527
      3,610
    1,482
41.1
7
Harrisburg City
 50,147
      8,650
    3,475
40.2
8
York City
 44,385
      8,293
    3,254
39.2
9
Lebanon
 26,806
      4,793
    1,740
36.3
10
  

The table above gives the school districts with the 10 highest student (age 5-17) poverty rates in 2014 out of 500 districts in the state.  Four of the top five poorest school districts are near Pittsburgh with rates that are well above the poverty rate for Allegheny County (12.1% for age 5-17).  These school districts have relatively small student populations which may make the estimates imprecise but there is plenty of other data suggesting economic difficulties.  This discrepancy suggests great economic inequality in Allegheny county.

The Greater Johnstown School District had the seventh highest student poverty rate at 41.1% which is well above the county poverty rate for the county for this age group in Cambria County (where Johnstown is located) at 20.1% but the discrepancy between the district and county rates is not as high as it is in Allegheny county.  The larger student population in Johnstown suggests that this estimate is more precise.  The neighboring districts of Westmont has a rate of 10.6% while the other neighboring district has a rate of 17.9% which are below the county rate.

Below is a table showing the all ages poverty rate with their median income in the US, Pennsylvania, and each of the 67 counties in the state.  There are 48 counties with median incomes below the national median of $53,657.  The table below shows the ranking of the median incomes in order from lowest to highest with their respective poverty ranking in the far right column.

Cambria County (where I am now organizing for Bernie Sanders) ranks 58th in income and 18th overall in the poverty rate.  The poverty rate is very close to the national rate with median income being $10,954 below the national rate.  Investigating regional as well as local discrepancies in income and poverty highlights the need for reforms that Bernie Sanders proposes to address.  You can use these numbers to study discrepancies in your area.


State / County Name
All Ages in Poverty (%)
Median Household Income ($)
County Median Income Rank
County Poverty Rank
United States
15.5
$53,657


Pennsylvania
13.6
$53,224


Fayette
20.2
$36,902
67
3
Forest
21.9
$37,794
66
2
Philadelphia
25.8
$39,037
65
1
Clearfield
16.5
$40,230
64
8
Cameron
14.2
$40,257
63
28
Potter
14.3
$40,323
62
27
Northumberland
15.9
$40,429
61
15
Mifflin
16.3
$40,957
60
11
Indiana
17
$42,611
59
6
Cambria
15.3
$42,703
58
18
Schuylkill
13.5
$43,169
57
33
Clarion
15.1
$43,202
56
19
Blair
15
$43,343
55
21
Mercer
14.6
$43,559
54
23
Venango
16.2
$43,810
53
13
Jefferson
13.3
$43,810
52
38
Crawford
14.9
$43,969
51
22
Sullivan
14.4
$44,191
50
24
Luzerne
15.8
$44,222
49
16
Clinton
17.4
$44,224
48
5
Armstrong
13.8
$44,326
47
31
Huntingdon
15.1
$44,531
46
20
Warren
14.1
$44,651
45
29
Mc Kean
16.6
$44,723
44
7
Lawrence
13.2
$44,903
43
40
Lackawanna
15.4
$45,098
42
17
Lycoming
16
$45,211
41
14
Erie
16.4
$45,476
40
10
Somerset
13.5
$45,706
39
34
Bedford
13.6
$46,890
38
32
Columbia
14.3
$46,938
37
26
Elk
10.5
$46,965
36
57
Bradford
12.9
$47,242
35
44
Tioga
16.3
$47,360
34
12
Union
13.4
$47,996
33
36
Fulton
13.3
$48,084
32
37
Wayne
13.9
$48,663
31
30
Juniata
12.3
$48,944
30
47
Snyder
13.1
$49,117
29
42
Carbon
13
$49,252
28
43
Susquehanna
12.8
$49,552
27
46
Greene
16.5
$49,897
26
9
Franklin
11.9
$50,434
25
48
Beaver
11.7
$51,041
24
49
Centre
17.9
$51,573
23
4
Allegheny
13.1
$52,385
22
41
Dauphin
13.4
$52,967
21
35
Westmoreland
10.1
$53,536
20
60
Lebanon
10.9
$53,861
19
52
Montour
11.2
$54,547
18
50
Perry
8.7
$54,920
17
64
Washington
10.7
$55,796
16
55
Wyoming
10.9
$55,882
15
53
Berks
14.3
$55,936
14
25
Lancaster
10.5
$57,369
13
58
Lehigh
12.8
$58,283
12
45
Pike
10.6
$58,375
11
56
York
10.2
$58,471
10
59
Monroe
13.3
$59,492
9
39
Adams
10.8
$60,179
8
54
Butler
8.9
$60,851
7
63
Northampton
10
$61,510
6
61
Cumberland
9.1
$62,692
5
62
Delaware
11
$62,867
4
51
Bucks
6.6
$77,823
3
67
Montgomery
7.1
$79,576
2
66
Chester
7.3
$85,613
1
65
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