Bias in testing is a universal problem and how the results are interpreted is certainly an inflammatory issue with a lot of time and energy spent to correct and quantify it. As the prevalence of high stakes testing has increased, authentic cases of cheating have occurred as school funding is now tied to the results of those tests under the No Child Left Behind Act. Recent cases of cheating on standardized tests have involved the principals and teachers supplying the answers to the students in hopes of improving school funding. The photo below is of an art installation of an education student's opinion of high stakes testing.
The issues have changed little since Escalante's passed the AP test. Policy makers often use the results of tests to demonstrate With the new ways tests are now administered the potential for cheating and questioning of results should increase exponentially.